Water | Paulaner Brauerei München

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"Beer is a drink that makes it feel good to be thirsty." – Rainer Kansy Rainer Kansy
10,000 years of freshness
10,000 years of freshness

"Here it is," says master brewer Rainer Kansy, pointing to a spigot that shines in the noon sun. "The source of the Paulaner brewing water." An unobtrusive little spigot on the brewery grounds that draws up water from underground sources untouched for 10,000 years. "That's better than any drinking water ever," says Kansy. That matters when it comes to the quality of Paulaner beer, 100 litres of which calls for 350 litres of water. "That is precious water in every sense of the word," adds Kansy.

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From the Ice Age to today's beer
From the Ice Age to today's beer

Nature takes the credit for the purity of the brewing water. Paulaner draws it from an aquifer 190 metres down, where layers of rock have protected it for millennia. "It is as fresh as it was the very first day," says Kansy, by which he means the last Ice Age, when glaciers still spread over the north of Munich. Only a few breweries in the world can draw on such precious water for brewing: It is extremely pure and soft.

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As the water, so, too, the beer
As the water, so, too, the beer

Beer is up to 90 percent water. But every kind of water tastes different, and therefore influences the taste of the beer as well. "During brewing, this flavour can get stronger," Kansy states. Another factor is the hardness of the water. Soft water from the deep well contains less salt, which affects the enzymes of the mash and the beer wort. "Too much salt can keep the yeast from working properly," says Kansy. It's a good thing that the Ice Age left the ideal brewing water for Paulaner to use.

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Soft water from deep underground
Soft water from deep underground

The impact of the water should not be underestimated. As a master brewer, Rainer Kansy knows that the history of beer is the history of the brewing water too. "Munich's breweries used to brew with the hard groundwater of Munich," explains the brewer. Accordingly, they produced primarily dark beer for a long time because the hard water did not have the same negative effects on that. Unlike the hard water of the past, the soft water from the deep well that Paulaner uses today is perfect for both light and dark beer. "In other words, it's ideal for anyone who loves Bavarian beer," says Kansy, and laughs.

» About the master brewer

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Up to 6 meters down
Silt, gravel, fine sand

Munich is built on gravel! The Munich gravel plain developed 10,000 years ago during the Würm Ice Age. The enormous force of the glacier ice also formed the river bed of the Isar.

Up to 10 meters down
Silt, fine sand, clay

When the Olympic Tower opened on a meadow in Oberwiesenfeld in 1968, it became a landmark for Munich. The foundation extends 12 meters into the ground and the tower juts 291 meters into the sky.

Up to 20 meters down
Gravel, silt, coal

The Bavaria statue on the Theresienwiese marks Munich's Oktoberfest area. From a height of 19 meters, Bavaria watches over the guests at Paulaner's "Winzerer Fähndl" beer tent.

Up to 27 meters down
Silt, gravel, clay

23 meters below Marienplatz is one of Munich's most important hubs. At rush hour, up to 32,400 people per hour might commute to or from the Marienplatz subway and train station.

Up to 30 meters down
Argillite

Argillite/brick clay: Drilling for clay and processing it into bricks represents a cornerstone for Munich – from the wall of the city to the Frauenkirche.

Up to 32 meters down
Silt, fine sand, clay

Up to 40 meters down
Fine sand, silt

We recommend a tour of the tent roof for the more venturesome of visitors to the Munich Olympic Park. Descending from a height of 40 meters from the spine of the tent roof down to the pristine lawn of the Olympic Stadium, the visitor hangs vertically from the rope.

Up to 45 meters down
Argillite, fine sand, silt

Up to 50 meters down
Clay, gravel

Clay has an insulating effect and is therefore excellent for making classic mugs. That keeps our good Paulaner beer cool and refreshing for longer.

Up to 55 meters down
Argillite, gravel, silt

The Wiesn visitor slides down 55 undulating meters of track on the traditional "Münchner Rutschn" ride, just as much a part of the Wiesn experience as Paulaner Oktoberfest beer.

Up to 57 meters down
Argillite

306 steps lead upwards to the watchman's tower of St. Peter's Church at Marienplatz. At an elevation of 56 meters, you can get a once-in-a-lifetime view of Munich's historic district.

Up to 59 meters down
Fine sand, gravel, clay, silt

Up to 81 meters down
Argillite

Precious gems develop in the Earth's crust under very high pressure and extremely high temperatures. Their beauty has always enchanted us humans.

Up to 87 meters down
Fine sand

High above, in the tower of Munich's New Town Hall, the Münchner Kindl – the "Munich Child" depicted on the city's emblem – watches over the capital of Bavaria from a height of 85 meters. The tower itself houses the famous Glockenspiel chimes and the office of Munich's mayor.

Up to 93 meters down
Clay, sand

Up to 100 meters down
Ton, kiesig, sandig

The towers of Munich's Frauenkirche, the tallest landmark of Munich, reach a height of about 99 meters. As a matter of principle, no high-rise in the city may stand taller.

Up to 112 meters down
Argillite

Up to 116 meters down
Fine sand, silt, clay

Up to 118 meters down
Argillite

Up to 123 meters down
Fine sand, silt, clay

The roots of the fig tree can dig into the soil for up to 120 meters on a quest for water.

Up to 128 meters down
Clay, gravel, sand

On hot summer days, Lake Starnberg is a popular destination for day trips. Munich's residents enjoy swimming there or just relaxing. Lake Starnberg measures 128 meters at its deepest point.

Up to 138 meters down
Fine sand, silt

Up to 143 meters down
Clay, gravel

Up to 146 meters down
Gravel, silt

The Cheops pyramid is Egypt's oldest and largest pyramid. It was originally 146 meters high and is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The ancient Egyptians were also probably the first to brew beer.

Up to 166 meters down
Clay, gravel, sand

A high-rise becomes a skyscraper when it reaches the 150-meter mark. Germany has a total of 15 skyscrapers.

Up to 168 meters down
Clay, fine sand

Up to 176 meters down
Fine sand, silt, clay, gravel

The tallest smokestack of Munich's heat and power plant is 176 meters high, making it the second-tallest building in the city after the Olympic Tower.

Up to 190 meters down
Clay, gravel, sand

Paulaner draws its brewing water from an aquifer 190 meters down, where layers of rock have protected it for millennia. Only a few breweries in the world can draw on such precious water for brewing: it is extremely pure and soft.